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SMG 161 - Introduction to Sport, Recreation, and Leisure: APA style

APA Citation Style

APA style consists of guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. APA is the style used most frequently in the fields of education, nursing, and the social sciences. 

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010, 6th ed.)

Call # BF76.7 .P83 2010

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7-Minute Tutorial on APA


DOI means digital object identifier. It serves as a unique number assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location online. The publisher assigns a DOI when an article is published and made available electronically.

All DOIs begin with a 10 and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash. The prefix is a unique number of four or more digits assigned to organizations; the suffix is assigned by the publisher.

Example of an APA-style citation for a journal article found online with a DOI:

                    Hamilton, R. J., & Bowers, B. (2007). The theory of genetic vulnerability: 

                            A Roy model exemplar. Nursing Science Quarterly, 20(3), 254-264.