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EDFN 202: Teaching & Learning Process: Evaluate Sources

Reviewing Journal Type

Characteristics: Scholarly / Peer Reviewed Journals


journal of black studies

educational research

Written by experts in the field

Author credentials are noted, affiliation detailed

Peer reviewed

Writing is well researched, advanced reading level

Abstracts and/or summaries

Contains data, charts, and graphics

Article often is lengthy, multiple pages

Citations, references, and/or bibliography are presented

No advertisements

Published by professional organization


Closer Look: Scholarly Journal Article


scholarly journal



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Characteristics: Practitioner Journals


educational leadership


Written by professionals in the field

Author credentials are noted, affiliation detailed

Reviewed by journal editors

Writing is professional, vocabulary specific to field

General abstract or summary provided

May contain data, charts, and/or graphics

Article is several pages long

Citations, references and/or bibliography may be presented

May contain advertisements specific to journal or field

Published by professional organization


Closer lookClick on the journal cover to view it in Education Research Complete.


Closer Look: Practitioner Journal Article


looking at professional journals


Characteristics: Popular Magazine


psychology today

 time magazine

Written by magazine staff and/or journalists

Author credentials are not presented, noted as by-line

Edited and revised by staff

Writing is less formal, highly readable

Introduction or teaser header to article in place

Contains photographs and/or illustrations

Article may be single page or portion of a page

No citations or references are in place

Numerous advertisements are presented

Published commercially


Closer lookClick on the journal cover to view it in Academic Search Complete.


Closer Look: Popular Magazine


elements of popular magazine article


Citation Help

If you are struggling with writing out your citations, help is here! Use the AU Library's Citing Sources page as a starting point to find the help you need. 

General Criteria

General criteria are available to help determine if periodicals and journals are scholarly, often called peer-reviewed journals, practitioner / professional journals, or popular magazines.

Consider such things as:

Authority - Who wrote the article? What qualifications or credentials do they have regarding subject?

Content - What style of writing is used? Is it objective or trying to sell you something? Is it fact or opinion?

Audience - Who is the intended reader? What reading level is the article (advanced, general)?

Citation - Is the article properly cited? Does it have a bibliography or footnotes?

Review Process - Has the article been reviewed by subject specialists?

Evaluating Resources

Information Sources

Journal Articles

Internet Resources