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* Chemistry Research: Citation Help

This guide is a starting point for research in the field of Chemistry. Resources include database recommendations, reference selections, catalog search tips, and internet resources.

Quick Citation Help

Undergraduate University Writing Center (UWC)

  Reference Tools

  7 Minute Tutorial on APA

Most departments at AU require that students use APA style to format papers. APA recently changed some of their rules.  Here's a quick tutorial that covers the basics.


The most recent revision from APA, directs researchers to use DOIs to identify resources when possible. 

What is a digital object identifier, or DOI?

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet. The publisher assigns a DOI when your article is published and made available electronically.

All DOI numbers begin with a 10 and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash. The prefix is a unique number of four or more digits assigned to organizations; the suffix is assigned by the publisher and was designed to be flexible with publisher identification standards.

We recommend that when DOIs are available, you include them for both print and electronic sources. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice. The DOI can also be found on the database landing page for the article.

A DOI looks like this

DOI:  10.1177/1555458913498475

Once you know a particular DOI, you can use it to search for the article much the same way that you would use an ISBN number to search for a book.


  APA Citation Style

As with other editorial styles, APA Style consists of rules or guidelines that a publisher observes to ensure clear and consistent presentation of written material. APA is the style used most frequently in the field of Education, Nursing and in the Social Sciences.